2023 Thrill of the Hill Race Recap
November 1, 2023
Last weekend, Coastal Mountains hosted 43 runners summited Beech Hill only to race down it and then come back barreling back up again! This year’s Thrill of the Hill Trail Race took runners on a 3.7-mile course through the fall foliage at Erickson Fields and the iconic scenery of Beech Hill Preserve.
The top three individual winners in each category, as well as the fastest team, took home Beech Hill blueberries as their prize. Overall winners TJ Poole and Margeurite Worner were also adorned with bay leaf crowns. See the full race results.
In total, through registration and donations, the race raised over $1,600 for the Beech Hill Fields and Habitat Initiative!
Thanks to our sponsor Maine State Credit Union, the wonderful folks at Camden Mountains Search and Rescue, our amazing volunteers, and all those who dared to run for making this race so fun and thrilling!
- Wildflowers Living on the Edge in Newfoundland
- WALDO COUNTY INITIATIVE SURPASSES YEAR ONE GOALS
- WALDO COUNTY CONSERVATION INITIATIVE FUNDRAISING UPDATE
- WINTER COMMUNITY EVENTS RECAP
- LEARNING LANDSCAPES LEADERSHIP SUMMIT
- FIELD REPORT
- WHISTLING THROUGH WEDNESDAY WORK CREW
- BIRDS BEYOND THE WINDOW
- LATE SEASON PHOTOS
- WELCOME NEW BOARD MEMBERS
- TRAILHEAD UPDATES AT THE MEADOW BROOK PRESERVE
- INVASIVE PLANTS
- ACCESS IMPROVEMENTS AT BEECH HILL PRESERVE
- OUTDOOR LEARNING IS GROWING AT CAMDEN-ROCKPORT ELEMENTARY
- INVASIVE PLANTS
- SYMBIOSIS PROJECT: STUDENT ART AT BEECH HILL
September 18, 2023
By Roger Rittmaster
August 31, 2023
Normally, Nature Now focuses on current natural history in Midcoast Maine. However, for 10 days in late August, my wife (Jeannie Hutchins) and I traveled with three botanist friends to the West Coast of Newfoundland to explore plants that can survive in two harsh environments: the Tablelands of Gros Morne National Park and the limestone barrens of Newfoundland’s Great Northern Peninsula. We were looking for plants that we would not normally see in Maine. This episode of Nature Now is about this trip.
Our botany trip started in The Tablelands, one of the few places where rocks of the Earth’s mantle are visible on the surface. The mantle is that part of the earth below the crust and above the core. It starts between about 4 to 22 miles below the surface and is about 1,800 miles thick. Normally, when two continental plates collide, the mantle is pushed downward, but in the Tablelands, a piece of the upper mantle was pushed towards the surface about 500 million years ago, when two continental plates collided to form the Appalachian Mountains. Over the next 500 million years erosion wore down the rocks overlying the Tablelands, which only became visible about 15,000 years ago during the last glaciation. The fact that these rocks were only exposed recently is important because the rocks in the mantle wear down quickly, geologically speaking, when exposed to water.
Why are the Tablelands botanically important? The principal rock that makes up the upper mantle is called peridotite, an igneous (magma-derived) rock that is very high in magnesium and iron. Such rocks are termed “mafic”. When peridotite is exposed to water near the Earth’s surface, it is converted to serpentine (= serpentinite) rock. Mafic rocks create soil that is nutrient poor (low in calcium, nitrogen and other nutrients), and its high concentration of magnesium and iron is toxic to most plants. The soil is thin and retains water poorly. The photograph below shows the barren rocky soil that is typical of most of the Tablelands.
Serpentine rock from the Tablelands. The name comes from the snakeskin like appearance of the rock. Serpentine is derived from olivine, and is often green in color. The rust color of the surrounding rock is from oxidation of the iron within the rock (which is what happens when iron metal rusts).
One of the most surprising plants we found was the Purple Pitcher Plant (Sarracenia purpurea). Whereas pitcher plants typically grow in acidic bogs, here it grew among dry rocks in sparse soil, seemingly totally out of place. However, pitcher plants get their nutrients from insects that are trapped and digested in the fluid inside its tubular leaves. It does not require nutrients from soil and avoids absorbing toxic amounts of magnesium and iron.
Sea Thrift (Armeria Maritima) is another unusual plant found in serpentine and limestone barrens along the coast of northwest Newfoundland. It has a long taproot, which may help it reach water. The taproot also appears to concentrate toxic metals and ions in its tissue, preventing them from affecting the rest of the plant, and allowing it to survive the harsh chemical conditions of the Tablelands.
If one wants to see similar mafic rocks in Midcoast Maine, they can be found in the 7-acre Pine Hill Preserve on Deer Isle (https://www.islandheritagetrust.org/2018/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Pine-Hill-2016_09_22-13_11_25-UTC.pdf). Some plants growing here occur nowhere else in Maine.
Most of the Great Northern Peninsula (GNP) of Newfoundland is underlain by limestone. About 500 million years ago this land was at the bottom of a shallow tropical sea just south of the equator. The limestone has its origin in the shells of marine life that lived in that sea. Subsequent northward movement of the tectonic plate on which Newfoundland sits, uplifting of the seafloor, and erosion of overlying rocks, brought the limestone to the surface.
But that’s only part of the story. Repeated glaciation has scoured the surface of these rocks, preventing the build-up of soil. Each winter water that has seeped into cracks in the limestone freezes and expands, breaking apart the rocks. The same process continually moves the gravel that has formed on the surface, damaging the roots of plants that have gained a foothold there. Further stress is caused by ice flows that form offshore which don’t disappear until late Spring, resulting in a growing season as short as 110 days. Finally, limestone itself produces a soil with a high pH that is too basic for many plants to tolerate. In protected areas, the breakdown of plants on top of the limestone creates acidity that modulates the otherwise basic limestone-derived soil. On the coast, however, there is often too little soil, creating a “barren” environment where most plants can’t grow. Those plants that do grow there are often highly specialized; some grow nowhere else. These are the plants that we were looking for.
Bedrock Geology Map of Newfoundland’s Great Northern Peninsula. The location of limestone barrens is shown in red along the western coast.
The photograph below shows the southernmost limestone barrens near the town of Bellburns just south of the Table Point Ecological Reserve. Some plants that grow here don’t exist further north, due to the increasingly harsh climate.
Because of the windy, cold environment, there are no typical trees and few small shrubs on the limestone barrens. The plant in the lower right is Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis) which is usually less than 4 inches tall, but whose branches can exceed 15 feet in length, snaking along the ground.
Yellow Mountain Saxifrage (Saxifraga aizoides) is an alpine/arctic plant that requires a high pH environment and usually is found in moist environments such as bordering a waterfall. However, its succulent leaves store water and have allowed it to adapt to cracks among the rocks of the limestone barrens in Newfoundland. It spreads by creeping rootstalks (rhizomes) either at or just below the surface. In New England, it is only found in a few places in Vermont among high limestone cliffs.
Common Butterwort (Pinguicula vulgaris) is an alpine carnivorous plant that typically grows in moist alkaline environments. In Maine, it has only been found in a single population in a ravine on the western side of Sugarloaf Mountain, but it is common in limestone barrens and outcrops in Newfoundland’s Great Northern Peninsula, where little else can grow. Its leaves excrete a sticky fluid that traps insects and enzymes that digest the insects, thus providing a source of nutrients in an otherwise nutrient-poor environment. Common Butterwort blooms in July (this photograph was taken in Iceland) and what we saw in Newfoundland was the persistent basal leaves scattered among the limestone gravel.
I wish to thank our botanist friends, Bob Capers, Jerry Oemig, and Tom Phillips (left to right), shown here discussing the fine points of a plant on the limestone barrens at Port au Choix…
… and the Caribou that demonstrated how comfortable they were among humans in areas where hunting was prohibited.
April 16, 2023
As of April 1st, Coastal Mountains Land Trust met the goals needed to successfully complete the first year of its new Waldo County Conservation Initiative – a community effort to increase the amount of permanently conserved land in Waldo County for the benefit of wildlife, sustainable recreation, outdoor learning and climate protection.
In total, the Initiative raised $280,805 in support of the acquisition and stewardship of over 495 acres within the 12 Waldo County towns served by the Land Trust including Belfast, Belmont, Brooks, Knox, Lincolnville, Morrill, Northport, Prospect, Searsport, Stockton Springs, Swanville, and Waldo. In 2022 and early 2023, the Land Trust was thrilled to match a number of generous land donations from private landowners and earlier contributions with $100,805 in donations from individual community members and $180,000 from grants and foundations in Maine and beyond. In addition to an anonymous foundation, support was provided by the Maine Natural Resources Conservation Program, Leaves of Grass Fund, Mudge Foundation, Fields Pond Foundation, Maine Community Foundation, John Sage Foundation, and Margaret G. Jacobs Charitable Trust.
Specifically, the resources raised through the Initiative funded the addition of land to the Meadow Brook Preserve in Swanville and the Mount Tuck and Main Stream Preserves in Stockton Springs. The Land Trust also acquired its first two conservation parcels in the Town of Knox and completed the acquisition of its first Learning Landscape Preserve in Searsport within walking distance of the three local public schools. Together, these new preserves protect large areas of intact forest and high value wildlife habitats including extensive wetlands while also providing expanded opportunities for outdoor recreation and learning.
“We are extremely grateful to everyone, including our 12 volunteer committee members, who helped make the first year of this initiative a success. Coastal Mountains Land Trust is excited to build upon this momentum and continue to make an impact in our local community,” shared Elisabeth Wolfe of Belfast, Coastal Mountains Land Trust Board Member and Chair of the Waldo County Conservation Initiative Committee.
The Waldo County Conservation Initiative is ongoing and the team at Coastal Mountains Land Trust is actively working on and identifying new projects to pursue this year. To get involved, support the initiative, or stay up to date on the latest projects, click here.